To review means to read. To read means to read aloud or silently the text and think about the content. To think may mean relating the content to the already obtained knowledge or to obtain totally new knowledge. In the later case, you have to make the basic “map” or structure of the new information so that it is ready to be added with later result of literature review.
What can be reviewed?
- Encyclopedia. This will give you general idea about the topic, but not in details.
- Books. They will give you details account of the topics, but the content might be not up-to-date.
- Magazine. This will give you the current situation of the field, but it is not presented scientifically.
- Research journal. This will give you the latest development of the field (if the journals you read are not outdated) and it is presented scientifically.
How to locate the related literature?
- Go to the library and check the catalog, and get the books or paper journal you want.
- Go to the library and use the internet to get access to the subscribed e-journal.
- Go to the internet and search the topic with “Google scholar” search engine. It is worth trying.
How to take a note
You can prepare some cards to take a note or just can use your notebook. The important point is that you should write down the title and other data of the literatures, the summary or quotation, and the page. Don’t forget to code your cards or note.
The main functions of literature review are to help you:
- Understand the topic better so you know exactly the position of your research within the field of the study, so you know the relation of your research with the other parts of the field of the study.
- Position your research question in a meaningful way, so you can spell out the contribution of your research.
- Focus the research questions, so that they are not too broad.
- Avoid unnecessary replication.
- hoose good research design and methods.
Reading: Donald Ary, et al. ….
Review literature related to your topic. Summarize them succintly. State the position of your study within the related field and the contribution of your study to the theory and practice of the field of study.